Psychoanalysis as a form of literary criticism

Then, the juxtaposition of a writer's works leads the critic to define symbolical themes. For instance, sexual urges may be given sublimated expression in the form of intense religious longings.

Hartmann in particular distinguished between autonomous ego functions such as memory and intellect which could be secondarily affected by conflict and synthetic functions which were a result of compromise formation[ jargon ].

psychoanalytic criticism

For example, a patient may have an hysterical amnesia memory being an autonomous function because of intrapsychic conflict wishing not to remember because it is too painful. The movement is also referred to as formalism or structuralism.

Topographic theory[ edit ] Topographic theory was named and first described by Sigmund Freud in The Interpretation of Dreams Self psychology[ edit ] Self psychology emphasizes the development of a stable and integrated sense of self through empathic contacts with other humans, primary significant others conceived of as "selfobjects".

As Trilling and others have objected, this approach risks reducing art to pathology. This may be a question best left to neuroscientists and scientifically oriented psychoanalysts.

Understanding Concepts in Literature If a literature consists of more factual script, it also omits a great amount of fiction.

The author's own childhood traumas, family life, sexual conflicts, fixations, and such will be traceable within the behavior of the characters in the literary work.

Psychoanalytic literary criticism

Archetypal criticism draws on the works of the psychoanalyst Carl Jung, literary critic Northrop Frye, and others. In the 21st century, psychoanalytic ideas are embedded in Western culture,[ vague ] especially in fields such as childcareeducationliterary criticismcultural studiesmental healthand particularly psychotherapy.

Literary Criticism

In the duller periods of literary history, people said that prodesse means teaching better morals. The process of changing from latent to manifest content is known as the dream work, and involves operations of concentration and displacement. Again, we often read both the defenses and the fantasies back to the authors, and the result has been distinguished biographies by Leon EdelJustin Kaplan, and Cynthia Griffin Wolff, to name but a few of the many good psychobiographers.

The IPA accredits psychoanalytic training centers through such "component organisations" throughout the rest of the world, including countries such as Serbia, France, Germany, Austria, Italy, Switzerland, [42] and many others, as well as about six institutes directly in the United States.

His early formulation included the idea that because of societal restrictions, sexual wishes were repressed into an unconscious state, and that the energy of these unconscious wishes could be turned into anxiety or physical symptoms.

This theory was published in his book, The Interpretation of Dreams.


In the first decade of the 21st century, there were approximately 35 training institutes for psychoanalysis in the United States accredited by the American Psychoanalytic Association APsaAwhich is a component organization of the International Psychoanalytical Association IPAand there are over graduated psychoanalysts practicing in the United States.

ByFreud addressed the power of identification with the leader and with other members in groups as a motivation for behavior Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego. Kernberginclude the capacities to control oral, sexual, and destructive impulses; to tolerate painful affects without falling apart; and to prevent the eruption into consciousness of bizarre symbolic fantasy.

To open up art to us.The definition of "Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism" refers to literary criticism or literary theory which, in method, concept, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis, which was begun by Sigmund Freud.

History Of The Term Psychoanalytic [Literary] Criticism builds on Freudian.

Literary Criticism

Psychoanalytic literary criticism once viewed as a method of solving the riddle of the creative works as stated in the above qualified statement held by Kaplan and Kloss (), in the.

The literary criticism is a concept, formed on the basis of critical analysis and primarily estimates the value and merit of literary works for the presence or quality of certain parameters of literary characteristics.

Psychoanalytic criticism is a form of applied psychoanalysis, a science concerned with the interaction between conscious and unconscious processes and with the laws of mental functioning.

Freudian Psychoanalysis

Home › Literary Criticism › Freudian Psychoanalysis. Freudian Psychoanalysis The relationship between psychoanalysis and literary criticism which spans much of the 20th century is fundamentally concerned with the articulation of sexuality in language.

(perhaps by a similar sounding word or by some form of symbolic substitutions and. Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.

The discipline was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud and stemmed partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others.

Psychoanalysis as a form of literary criticism
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